How fast does the EV1 go?
The EV1 travels from 0 to
30 mph in under 3 seconds and 0 to 60 in under 9
seconds. A modified EV1 prototype set an electric
vehicle land speed record in 1994 at 183 mph.
How far will it go?
Expected real-world range is 55-95 miles for the high-capacity lead-acid
EV1. Expected real-world range for the optional
nickel-metal hydride EV1 is 75-130 miles.
However, actual mileage and range will vary as a result of
driving style, terrain, temperature and accessory
usage, particularly as affected by ambient temperature
and the use of heating and air conditioning.
How long does it take to charge?
High-capacity lead acid: At 70ºF, it takes up to 2-1/2 hours to charge from 20% to 80% state
of charge using a 220-volt (6.6kW) charger. Approximately 5-1/2 to 6 hours are
required for a charge from zero to complete using a 220-volt charger.
Nickel-metal hydride: At 70ºF, it takes 6 to 8 hours for a charge from zero to
Why was the EV1 lease only?
Since electric vehicle technology is still
developing, a lease-only option creates a consistent
cost of ownership for the EV1 customer. Saturn covers all
routine maintenance and service under the terms of
the 3-year/36,000 mile-warranty this includes
everything from the batteries to tires. Saturn also
provides a 24-hour roadside assistance program to
make every aspect of the EV1 lease worry-free.
How much does the vehicle cost?
Specific pricing information is no longer available. The following is a
range of pricing that was available at the time the leases were being accepted
in California and Arizona. The M.S.R.P. for the EV1 ranged from $33,995 to
$43,995, depending on the model year and the battery pack. The monthly lease
payment ranged from $349 to $574. The monthly payment could be higher depending
on where the lease was issued. The reason for the variance had to do with
government incentives for environmentally advanced cars, which vary based on the
state and air quality district. The highest incentives were those available to
customers living in some areas of California.
How much does it cost to charge the EV1?
Recharging costs for the EV1
depend on many factors, including the type of battery and the state
of charge. The average cost to charge for both the lead-acid and the
nickel-metal hydride battery packs decreases as the pack is more deeply
discharged. This effect is most significant with the nickel-metal
Assuming your electricity costs 10 cents per kilowatt hour, and with
a 100-mile trip, energy cost for the lead-acid EV1
is 2.6 cents per mile. Therefore, a 100-mile trip in the EV1
would cost $2.60. In comparison, a gasoline-powered vehicle that gets
22 miles per gallon has an energy cost of 6.82 cents per mile (assuming gasoline
costs $1.50 per gallon). For a 100-mile trip in the gasoline-powered vehicle,
the energy cost would be $6.82. Using this example, the gasoline-powered
vehicle has an energy cost that is nearly three times higher than the EV1.
For the same 100-mile trip and electricity cost in a NiMH EV1,
the energy cost would be 3.0 cents per mile. The 22 mpg gasoline-powered vehicle
therefore has an energy cost that is more than twice the NiMH EV1.
The EV1 is capable of being charged from any level
of discharge. Discharging the battery more deeply by driving farther between charges can minimize
What equipment is standard on the EV1?
Air conditioning, AM/FM stereo with cassette and CD,
air bags*, ABS with traction control, cruise
control, power windows, power door locks, power
dual outside mirrors, keyless entry/startup with
security system, cabin preconditioning, daytime running lamps,
electrically heated front windshield, and centrally-mounted digital
*A special note about children and airbags: Never carry an infant in an EV1.
If a forward-facing child restraint is suitable for your child, move the passenger seat as far back as it will go.
See the owner's manual for more safety information.
Can EV1s be serviced anywhere?
Only authorized EV1 technicians at participating
Saturn retailers can work on an EV1.
What type of batteries power the EV1?
The EV1 is powered by a Panasonic high-capacity,
valve-regulated lead-acid battery pack, which contains 26 12-volt modules
capable of carrying 18.7 kilowatt hours of energy. An optional
valve-regulated nickel-metal hydride battery pack is also available,
containing 26 13.2-volt modules, capable of carrying 26.4 kilowatt
hours of energy. There is also one underhood accessory module.
How often do EV1 batteries need to be replaced?
The batteries are maintenance free and are covered under the bumper-to-bumper warranty, so the lessee never needs to worry about battery replacement.
Are these batteries recyclable?
The lead-acid battery pack utilizes the existing lead-acid
battery recycling infrastructure, and is 98% recyclable. The nickel-metal hydride batteries are recycled through the battery supplier.
What is the difference between inductive and
Inductive charging is achieved without direct
metal-to-metal contact. The charge paddle and the
charge port are a high frequency transformer that can
be taken apart (Note: they only work when together).
Electrical energy is transferred via this
electro-magnetic coupling. The charger takes the
normal 60 Hertz electrical service and sends out the
high frequency to the paddle which induces the
companion high frequency AC in the charge port; that
is then rectified and converted to DC (direct
current) to charge the vehicles battery pack.
(High frequency is used to reduce the size of the
paddle and the charge port.) A communication link is
also established between the charger and the battery
pack computer with the battery pack computer
controlling the charger.
In conductive charging, connections are made by
conductive (metal-to-metal) contact. AC electricity
from the local utility or other source is transformed
to the voltage required by the car's battery pack,
converted into DC, and fed to the batteries.
What is regenerative braking?
"Regen" is the process of making the EV1's motor work like a generator
when the brake pedal is pushed, or when the vehicle
is coasting with the "coast regen" on. The
kinetic energy of the vehicle (its mass and its
velocity or speed) is converted back into electrical
energy. The drive motors electronic controller
changes the motor to a generator and converts its AC
electrical output to DC for the battery. Depending on
how much start-and-stop driving or speed changes are
experienced, a 15 to 20 percent increase in the range
potential of the vehicle can be realized. The nicest
thing about regenerative braking is that you recover
some of the energy that was expended to accelerate
the vehicle. An added benefit is that this can also
increase brake lining life.
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